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The following year, Rhine tested another promising individual, Hubert Pearce, who managed to surpass Linzmayer’s overall 1931 performance.(Pearce’s average during the period he was tested in 1932 was 40%, whereas chance would have been 20%.Rhine, along with William Mc Dougall, introduced the term "parapsychology" (translating a German term coined by Max Dessoir).

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During the war years, Rhine lost most of his male staff members to war work or the military.

This caused something of an hiatus in the conduct of new research, but the opportunity was taken to publish the large backlog of experiments that had been conducted since the early 1930s on psychokinesis.

Rhine founded the institutions necessary for parapsychology's continuing professionalization in the U. — including the establishment of the Journal of Parapsychology and the formation of the Parapsychological Association, and also the Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man (FRNM), a precursor to what is today known as the Rhine Research Center.

His parapsychology research organization was originally affiliated with Duke University, but is now separate. Cox (1936) from Princeton University with 132 subjects produced 25,064 trials in a playing card ESP experiment.

His first exceptional subject in this ESP research was Adam Linzmayer, an economics undergraduate at Duke.

In 1931, Linzmayer scored very highly in preliminary Zener card tests that Rhine ran him through; initially, he scored 100% correct on two short (nine-card series) tests that Rhine gave him.

Rhine began the studies that helped develop parapsychology into a branch of science; he looked at parapsychology as a branch of "abnormal psychology." Rhine lent an insight into the medium Mina Crandon's performances.

Rhine was able to observe some of her trickery in the dark when she used luminous objects.

The most famous series of experiments from Rhine's laboratory is arguably the ESP tests involving Hubert Pearce and Joseph Gaither Pratt, a research assistant.

Pearce was tested (using Zener cards) by Pratt, who shuffled and recorded the order of the cards in the parapsychology lab 100 yards from where Pearce was sitting in a campus library cubicle.

However, over time, Linzmayer's scores began to drop down much closer to (but still above) chance averages.

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